OpenMethods Spotlights showcase people and epistemic reflections behind Digital Humanities tools and methods. You can find here brief interviews with the creator(s) of the blogs or tools that are highlighted on OpenMethods to humanize and contextualize them. In the first episode, Alíz Horváth is talking with Hilde de Weerdt at Leiden University about MARKUS, a tool that offers offers a variety of functionalities for the markup, analysis, export, linking, and visualization of texts in multiple languages, with a special focus on Chinese and now Korean as well.
East Asian studies are still largely underrepresented in digital humanities. Part of the reason for this phenomenon is the relative lack of tools and methods which could be used smoothly with non-Latin scripts. MARKUS, developed by Brent Ho within the framework of the Communication and Empire: Chinese Empires in Comparative Perspective project led by Hilde de Weerdt at Leiden University, is a comprehensive tool which helps mitigate this issue. Selected as a runner up in the category “Best tool or suite of tools” in the DH2016 awards, MARKUS offers a variety of functionalities for the markup, analysis, export, linking, and visualization of texts in multiple languages, with a special focus on Chinese and now Korean as well.
Introduction: Standardized metadata, linked meaningfully using semantic web technologies are prerequisites for cross-disciplinary Digital Humanities research as well as for FAIR data management. In this article from the Open Access Journal o-bib, members of the project „GND for Cultural Data“ (GND4C) describe how the Gemeinsame Normdatei (GND) (engl. Integrated Authority File), a widely accepted vocabulary for description and information retrieval in the library world is maintained by the German National Library and how it supports semantic interoperability and reuse of data. It also explores how the GND can be utilized and advanced collaboratively, integrating the perspectives of its multidisciplinary stakeholders, including the Digital Humanities. For background reading, the training resources „Controlled Vocabularies and SKOS“ (https://campus.dariah.eu/resource/controlled-vocabularies-and-skos) or „Formal Ontologies“ (https://campus.dariah.eu/resource/formal-ontologies-a-complete-novice-s-guide) are of interest.
Introduction: Linked Data and Linked Open Data are gaining an increasing interest and application in many fields. A recent experiment conducted in 2018 at Furman University illustrates and discusses some of the challenges from a pedagogical perspective posed by Linked Open Data applied to research in the historical domain.
“Linked Open Data to navigate the Past: using Peripleo in class” by Chiara Palladino describes the exploitation of the search-engine Peripleo in order to reconstruct the past of four archeologically-relevant cities. Many databases, comprising various types of information, have been consulted, and the results, as highlighted in the contribution by Palladino, show both advantages and limitations of a Linked Open Data-oriented approach to historical investigations.
Introduction: The FAIR Data Principles (Findable, Accesible, Interoperable, Reusable) aim to make clear the need to improve the infrastructure for reuse of scholarly data. The FAIR Data Principles emphasize the ability of machines to automatically find and use the data, in addition to supporting its reuse by individuals, key activities for Digital Humanities research. The post below summarizes how Europeana’s principles (Usable, Mutual, Reliable) align with the FAIR Data ones, enhancing the findability, accessibility, interoperability, and reuse of digitised cultural heritage.
Introduction: This blog post describes how the National Library of Wales makes us of Wikidata for enriching their collections. It especially showcases new features for visualizing items on a map, including a clustering service, the support of polygons and multipolygons. It also shows how polygons like the shapes of buildings can be imported from OpenStreetMap into Wikidata, which is a great example for re-using already existing information.
Introduction: Ecologists are much aided by historical sources of information on human-animal interaction. But how does one cope with the plethora of different descriptions for the same animal in the historic record? A Dutch research group reports on how to aggregate ‘Bunzings’, ‘Ullingen’, and ‘Eierdieven’ (‘Egg-thieves’) into a useful historical ecology knowledge base.
Introduction: This post explains the benefits of using BEACON for data enrichment and increased visibility, on the example of Bibliografie deutsch-jüdische Geschichte Nordrhein-Westfalen.
Introduction: This paper describes a project of applying LOD on the traditional catalog metadata.
Introduction: This post highlights the current and future projects, methods and tools in digital Assyriology.